Prologue

A gradual development of science and technology initiated the idea to automise the operating processes. The attempt to substitute the manual human workforce in industry started the development of robotisation. Despite the fact that robots are more and more often used and implemented into working processes, it is necessary to realise that no technical device would completely substitute the human factor.

Industrial robots and manipulators were developed to simplify repeated manual actions. Considering the advantages of implementing industrial robots, it is necessary to mention an important economic aspect which includes following: decreasing the operating costs, energy saving, social contribution of workers, and increasing the quality of safety and output.

This page provides an objective view on the development of robotisation in Slovakia, or Czechoslovakia, since the very beginning. It describes what aspects led to the creation of robotisation, how it started to develop and what was needed to run this process. The aim of this page is to concentrate on the information considering the further development of robotisation – from companies that dealt with the field of robotics, institutions that visibly shifted its development as such, to the study of the current state of robotics.

On one hand, this page is attempting to cover the development of robotisation in Slovak Republic from historical point of view; on the other hand, it is trying to approach the topic from technical point of view. It concentrates on that area of robotics that was used extensively, i.e. on the most important industrial robots and manipulators that were used by various companies and factories.

This page deals with technical specification, ways of implementation, and attractive information on unique use and implementation of robots via various documents, manuals, and photographs that were available in that particular period of time.